How to keep your crypto safe

Learn how to stay safe, and avoid common crypto scams.

How to stay safe

1. Use a credible crypto exchange

Credible exchanges have a robust verification process that confirms your email address and phone number. They also verify your Government-issued ID and may also carry out a video verification. Your exchange must have security features like two-factor authentication and must also display active sessions and account activity.

Centralized exchanges link your wallet to a username and password that can be recovered in a traditional way. Don't forget that you’re trusting your exchange with your crypto. If the exchange is attacked or goes bankrupt, your funds may be gone forever.

2. Write down your seed phrase

If you are using an HD Wallet (Hierarchical Deterministic wallet), you must write down your seed phrase and keep it somewhere safe. This is the only way you’ll be able to recover your wallet. Don’t store the phrase on a computer. Write it down and keep it safe. Here's an example of a seed phrase:

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3. Bookmark your web wallet

If you are using a web wallet, bookmark the site to protect yourself from a phishing scam.

Common crypto scams

1. Blackmail

Victims receive an email claiming that their computer has been "hacked" and the hacker has hijacked their web camera and recorded "intimate" moments. The scammer then threatens to release the video online unless some bitcoin is paid to him.

2. Fake Exchanges

A "fake" exchange tricks investors by offering Bitcoin or other cryptos for a very low price.

3. Free Giveaways

Scammers offer free cryptos in exchange for a small "registration fee". Once you pay the fees, they vanish!

4. Impersonation

Scammers create fake social media accounts that impersonate famous people. These accounts are used to carry out a variety of frauds.

5. Malware

Many victims end up downloading malicious software and apps. These apps can change crypto addresses when they're copy-pasted from the victim's clipboard. The result - you end up sending crypto to the scammer's address instead of the actual person you are paying.

6. Meet-in-person attacks

Never meet anyone in person to buy crypto. You could get robbed and even murdered! Scammers may also pay you in counterfeit currency in exchange for your crypto.

7. Phishing Emails

Never engage with emails that ask for your seed phrase, private keys, or passwords. These emails may look authentic but remember that there is no legitimate reason for anyone to ask for your seed phrase, private keys, or passwords.

8. Phishing websites

People land up on phishing websites by clicking on links in fake emails and sometimes even through search engine results. These websites can steal your passwords and even fool you into installing malware.

9. Ponzi Schemes

Beware of schemes where you are offered a large guaranteed return in exchange for a small deposit.

10. Pyramid Schemes

Beware of "pyramid schemes" which promise you high returns based on the number of people you invite into the crypto network.

11. Pump and Dumps

In a pump-and-dump scheme, scammers artificially "pump" up the price of a crypto and sell it to unsuspecting victims. Once enough people have bought the crypto, the scammers disappear and the value of the crypto crashes to near zero.

12. Scam Coins and rug-pulls

While there are many great cryptos, there are also many scam coins. Be careful while investing in new cryptos. Check out the team, whitepaper, website, and other publicly available information carefully before investing.


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